The second-smallest country in Europe and the world after the Vatican, Monaco is situated in the southeastern part of the French department of Alpes-Maritimes. The area, including recent reclamation, is 195 ha (482 acres), or 1.95 sq km (0.75 sq mi). Comparatively, the area occupied by Monaco is about three times the size of the Mall in Washington, DC. The principality's length is 3.18 km (1.98 mi) east to west, and its width is 1.1 km (0.68 mi) north to south. Bounded on the north, northeast, southwest and west by France and on the east and southeast by the Mediterranean Sea, Monaco has a total border length of 8.5 km (5.3 mi), of which 4.1 km (2.5 mi) is coastline.
There are four main areas: La Condamine, the business district around the port; Monte Carlo, the site of the famous casino, which is at a higher elevation; Monaco-Ville, on a rocky promontory about 60 m (200 ft) above sea level; and Fontvieille, a 22 ha (54 acre) industrial area of La Condamine that was reclaimed by landfill in the 1960s-1970s.
Winters are mild, with temperatures rarely falling below freezing and with a January average of about 8°C (46°F). Summer heat is tempered by sea breezes; the average maximum in July and August is 26°C (79°F). Rainfall averages about 77 cm (30 in) a year, and some 300 days a year have no precipitation whatsoever.
Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy
43 44 N, 7 24 E
total: 1.95 sq km
land: 1.95 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 4.4 km
border countries: France 4.4 km
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers
hilly, rugged, rocky
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